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Commercial building horse breeding, donkeys and mules

American Mule Museum. History of the Mule by Dave Babb The exact origin of the mule may be somewhat difficult to determine, but its ancestry must begin with the origin of its parents - - the wild ass donkey and the horse. Mules, therefore, must have been bred in the wild in areas where both the wild ass and horse occupied the same territory. Mules in Ancient Times The mule has been deliberately bred by man since ancient times. The breeding of a jackass male donkey with a female horse mare is the most common and oldest known hybrid.

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VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: What is a MULE? 2nd version

The size of a mule and work to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female parent dam. Mules can be lightweight, medium weight or when produced from draft horse mares, of moderately heavy weight. Mules are reputed to be more patient, hardy and long-lived than horses and are described as less obstinate and more intelligent than donkeys. The Mule is a cross between a donkey stallion called a jack and a horse mare.

Hinnies are just the opposite - a stallion horse crossed to a donkey jenney. For all purposes, hinnies and mules are classified and shown together under the general term Mule. Mules ears are usually somewhat smaller than a donkeys, longer but the same shape as the horse parents. The mule's conformation will be a combination of traits from both parents.

The head, hip and legs usually take after the jack. Mules do not have pronounced arches to the neck, even from breeds such as Arabians or Warmbloods. A slight arch or straight neck is preferable to a ewe, or upward curved neck. The mule will have "combination hair," usually a thin forelock, coarse mane hair, and a tail more like the horse parent. Both mules and donkeys are shown with a variety of hairstyles from clipped to shaved roached.

Mules may wear their tails "belled" as decoration, left long and full, or clipped at the top to emphasize the shape of the hip. Voice: Mules try their best to imitate the donkey's bray, but most have a unique sound that is a combination of the horse's whinny and the grunting of the wind-down of a bray. Most will start out - Whinee-aw ah aw.

Color: Mules usually have brown or tan-colored points, where in the donkey the Light Points are a shade of off-white. Some donkeys and mules do not exhibit any light points at all - this is not rare, but is a good identification marker for registration purposes.

Old-timers used to call a dark muzzled mule "blue nosed. The only colors mules do not come in is true horse pinto due to the genetic factoring of these colors. Mules from Appaloosa mares often have extremely loud patterns, with spots enlarging or "skewing" in variants of the horse appaloosa. Breeders wishing for a mule with four white feet should try a tobiano mare. The genes of the mule seem programmed for the unusual, and very strange, loud spotted pinto and appaloosa variants are common.

In fact, the best way to produce a spotted mule is to cross a spotted jack to a solid colored mare. The resulting mule may have pinto-like patched in a variation of the donkey-spot pattern. Appaloosa mares crossed to spotted jacks have often produced mule foals that appear to be roan-patched pinto, with dark leopard appaloosa spots over the dark areas. Size: Mules come in every size and shape imaginable.

Miniature mules even to under 36" can be seen all the way up to 17 hand Percheron draft by Mammoth Jacks Mules. The Poitou donkey was used exclusively for breeding huge draft mules from a breed of draft horse called the Mullasier - the Mule producer. The build of the mule is a combination of both parents.

The head resembles both, the eyes being more almond-shaped inherited from the D-shaped eye socket of the donkey. Male mules may have more prominent brow ridges like those of most donkey jacks. The neck is straight and has little arch, even in mules from Arab or Warmblood mares. The overall body shape will be dependent on the conformation of both parents.

Due to hybrid vigor, the mule has the possibility of growing taller than either parent. The rarer Hinnies are often said to be more horselike than the mule, but more often it is impossible to tell them apart.

Hinnies may tend to be slightly smaller, simply because of the fact that most donkeys are smaller than horses. Mule: The hybrid animal produced when a male ass Jack is crossed with a female horse. The mule is a sterile hybrid, meaning it cannot reproduce. Mules come in both male and female.

A tiny percentage of female mules have had foals, but this is considered a freak genetic accident. Mules are a combination of traits of the parents with the most obvious donkey traits being long ears, narrower body and smaller hooves. The horse contributes size, speed and muscle. Other characteristics such as the head and voice an odd combination of the bray that ends as a whinny are a blend of the parent features.

You can always tell a donkey from a mule by the fact that a donkey has a tail in essence like a lion or a cow long tail with a tassel and the mule has a tail like a horse short tailbone with long hair. Hinny: This is the term used for the hybrid animal produced when the female ass jennet is mated to the male horse stallion to produce a foal. There are both male hinnies and females.

The genetic inheritance of the hinny is exactly the same as the mule. Scientists think that differences in hinnies and mules may be from the result of maternal influences on the fetus, and in the upbringing of the foal. Some hinnies tend to look like horses with long ears, but most cannot be told apart from mules. Untraced animals can not be verified as hinnies. For all purposes, hinnies are classified with mules.

Hinnies do not differ from mules in endurance, or other useful traits, but are bred more rarely because the donkey dam tends to make the offspring smaller. Donkeys do not as readily conceive to horse stallion as to donkeys. The equine hybrid is easier to obtain when the lower chromosome count the donkey is in the male. Horse Mule: The proper term for the male mule.

All male mules should be gelded, since stallion mules are very sexually active, even though they are sterile. Many people refer to a male mule as a john mule, but the term is informal. Mare Mule: The proper term for the female mule. The common informal term for the female mule is molly mule, and is frequently used. Mare Hinny or Horse Hinny: The terminology for the hinny follows that of the mule for clarity. Mule Colt or Mule Filly: The young male or female mule under the age of three.

When show classes are listed they are frequently listed as "Mare Mule under One year of age" etc. This is of course correct but more difficult to use in speech.

Miniature Mule: Bred from various types of pony mares or Miniature Horse mares. Saddle Mule: Bred from mares of riding horse breeding. These vary in size from small to very large but having riding type confirmation. Draft Mules: These are the largest mules and are bred from various Draft mares. Belgian mules are the most common, valued for their bright sorrel color, but mules from Percheron, Clydesdale, Shire and other draft breeds are also seen.

The larger and heavier the better with these mules, but refinement is desired as well. A jack exhibiting a smooth singlefoot type gait is desirable as the sire of these mules. Gaited mules have their own registry in the American Gaited Mule Association, which requires qualification testing of the animal to show gait, as well as video evaluation of the sire and dam. Mules are not really stubborn. They can seem lazy, but they will also not put themselves in danger.

A horse can be worked until it drops, but not so with a mule. Mules are very intelligent and it is not a good idea to abuse a mule. They will do their best for their owner, with the utmost patience. Exhibition shows where mules pull heavy loads have now been joined with mules competing in Western and English pleasure riding, as well as dressage and show jumping competition. Mules are still used extensively to transport cargo in rugged roadless regions, such as the large wilderness areas of California's Sierra Nevada mountains or the Pasayten Wilderness of northern Washington state.

Commercial pack mules are used recreationally, such as to supply mountaineering base camps, and also to supply trail building and maintenance crews, and backcountry footbridge building crews. Amish farmers, who reject tractors and most other modern technology for religious reasons, commonly use teams of six or eight mules to pull plows, disk harrows, and other farm equipment, though they use horses for pulling buggies on the road. During the Soviet—Afghan War, the United States used large numbers of mules to carry weapons and supplies over Afghanistan's rugged terrain to the mujahideen.

Use of mules by U. Mule trains have been part of working portions of transportation links as recently as by the World Food Programme. The material and information on this website, including any merchandise, information or service provided through this website, is provided "as is" with all faults and without warranty of any kind from the Furry Critter Network, expressed or implied. Birds Cats Cavy Dogs Horses. Birds Cats Dogs Horses.

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Mules and donkeys are a lot like horses, to be sure, but in many ways, including some health concerns, they are most definitely different. First, we should have a basic understanding about what constitutes these unique four-footed creatures. The veteran mule breeder eyed me speculatively. I was there to pick up two mares that had been bred to his Mammoth jack. He inclined his head toward the two pregnant mares. As I was leaving, he suggested that I consider getting assistance from a knowledgeable mule trainer when it was time to break the youngsters.

Q&A Sikura on Army Mule

University of Chicago Press Bolero Ozon. Animal Labor and Colonial Warfare. James L. Until well into the twentieth century, pack animals were the primary mode of transport for supplying armies in the field. The British Indian Army was no exception. In the late nineteenth century, for example, it forcibly pressed into service thousands of camels of the Indus River basin to move supplies into and out of contested areas—a system that wreaked havoc on the delicately balanced multispecies environment of humans, animals, plants, and microbes living in this region of Northwest India.

Horse, Donkey, and Mule Import

The size of a mule and work to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female parent dam. Mules can be lightweight, medium weight or when produced from draft horse mares, of moderately heavy weight. Mules are reputed to be more patient, hardy and long-lived than horses and are described as less obstinate and more intelligent than donkeys. The Mule is a cross between a donkey stallion called a jack and a horse mare.

The acre property boasted a small lake, a few tumble-down cabins, woods and fields, all being reclaimed by kudzu and brush. These days the pastures around Lake Nowhere are full of tasty grasses and hay, along with plenty of mules, donkeys and a few sweet mares grazing on their favorite repast.

Shop Best Selling Toys from Today! The offspring of a female horse and a male donkey, mules are appealing because they possess the strength of horses and the common sense, hardiness, and calmess of donkeys. If a male horse and a female donkey are mated, their offspring is not a mule; rather, those animals are called hinnies. Mules are not a species and do not have a scientific name. Scientists classify them as crosses between horses Equus caballus and donkeys Equus assinus. Horses have 64 chromosomes, and donkeys have 62 chromosomes. Mules, however, have 63 chromosomes.

Horses, donkeys and mules and their utility

Museum Tusculanum Press Bolero Ozon. The Roads of Ancient Cyprus. The earliest roads in Cyprus go back to the Bronze Age, and by the end of the Hellenistic period the road network encircled the entire island.

The International Museum of the Horse. Slideshow : Beautiful horses. Donkeys, zebras and mules all differ somewhat from horses in conformation.

TDN: Army Mule obviously had a short, but really brilliant career with three dominant wins from three starts. JS: I think the horse accomplished phenomenal things in a short period of time. He went from an easy maiden winner to an easy allowance winner and the first time he ever competed in a stakes, he ran in New York, the toughest racing in America. He won by nearly seven lengths just off a track record that had stood for almost 20 years, seven-eighths in and change, just phenomenal. He did it handily. At the top of the stretch he was six in front, and just geared down. Donato [Lanni], who I respect as a great, great horseman, works for us just by coincidence. A great horseman was the underbidder. Bob Baffert loved the horse. He was an end-of-May foal, so as a 2-year-old, he sold a day or two after his 2-year-old birthday, and people were wowed by how well he trained, how professional he was, how fast he was and what great movement the horse had.

Jun 8, - Mule breeding became a flourishing industry in Spain, Italy, and France still be seen on television as commercial advertising in the midth century. mules and horses helped build the canal that eventually spanned over.

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Lake Nowhere: Martin’s Mule Metropolis

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There is no more useful or willing animal than the Mule. And perhaps there is no other animal so much abused, or so little cared for. Popular opinion of his nature has not been favorable; and he has had to plod and work through life against the prejudices of the ignorant.

Health Concerns of Mules and Donkeys

A brewery and a percussion shop inhabit the space where factories and other industrial companies once stood on Fay Street. While the area north of downtown has become more urbanized in recent years, the Wright Brothers Mule Barn — a two-story brick building — still stands tall, as it did nearly a century ago.

How Do Horses Mate

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A mule is the offspring of a male donkey jack and a female horse mare. Of the two first generation hybrids between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a hinny , which is the offspring of a female donkey jenny and a male horse stallion. The size of a mule and work to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female parent dam. Mules can be lightweight, medium weight or when produced from draft horse mares, of moderately heavy weight.

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