Livestock producers plan, organize and perform farming operations to breed and raise domesticated animals excluding poultry , such as cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses and camels, for the production of meat, skins, and wool or for use as working, sporting or recreational animals for sale or delivery to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations on dairy products and deliver or sell these on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations for sale or delivery of eggs on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend chicken for sale or delivery of eggs, meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend ducks for sale or delivery of eggs, meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets. Workers in this unit group plan and carry out the necessary operations to breed, raise and tend poultry other than chicken and ducks for sale or delivery of eggs,meat or feathers on a regular basis to wholesale buyers, marketing organizations or at markets.
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SectorProfile-SericultureVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: AN AQUACULTURAL REVOLUTION IN CHINA
After independence India launched a massive programme of rapid industrilization with the belief that the benefits would percolate down to the masses. Contrarily only elites got benefited and rural people continued to be poor resulting into movement of the unemployed to the cities. As 80 percent of the population lives in rural India and depend on agriculture it received more emphasis in the second phase of development.
Consequently huge investments were made in agricultural research and extension and India became self sufficient in food production ranking World s fourth largest grain producer.
Out of them beekeeping industry received inadequate attention resulting in its stagnation. Following paragraphs trace history and present status of beekeeping in India followed by suggestions to rectify the current state of affairs and give this industry a status it rightfully deserves.
For various reasons these experiments did not meet with success. It was around that Rev. Mahatma Gandhi realised the importance of beekeeping industry and included it in his rural development programme. Several freedom fighters were trained in his Ashram at Wardha in the art of maintaining honeybee colonies.
These Freedom fighters from all over the country initiated beekeeping industry in their respective States. Martandom and Dr. Kallapur and Shri S. The task of development of beekeeping industry was also entrusted to this Board. The organisation of Beekeeping extension programme was as under.
What is Khadi and V. Commission to Govt. Board to State Government. The state Khadi and V. Commission for implementing development programme. Each State Board has its own beekeeping extension staff for implementing and supervising the programme.
The State Khadi and V. Boards implement the developmental programme directly or through Co operatives and registered Institutions. At one time there were Bee fieldmen working on contract basis on Beekeeping substations all over the country. Shri R. Mutto Founder of the Association devoted his life for the development of beekeeping industry in Uttar Pradesh. Its growth and development can be traced back to a little over four decades as follows.
The emphasis of this research work was naturally on the academic aspects of Indian honeybees and provided very valuable basic data. The Bombay Village Industries Committee initiated beekeeping development programme in Mahableshwar way back in under the leadership of Shri S. During this extension programme Shri S. Shende associated Prof. Deodikar with bee research programme realizing importance of source to sink. The work of Laboratory however was confined to limited area of Mahableshwar plateau and surrounding valleys in Western Ghats.
A need was then felt to expand the scope of bee research activities to entire country. Field observation Stations and experimental apiaries all over the country. The work done on different aspects was regularly published in national and international journals. It also prepared 10 to 15 drafts for secrutiny and adoption by Bureau of Indian Standards.
The University of Poona accepted it as a Centre for postgraduate studies on bees and beekeeping. The NCA in its final report to the Government of India wrote one Chapter on Apiculture and made many recommendations for the development of beekeeping in India. It was further recommended that the institute be treated at par with other Central Institutes of the ICAR and the necessary funds and facilities should be placed at the disposal of the institute.
Subsequently it was shifted to Haryana Agricultural University Hissar. Beekeeping is practised over a greater area of the earth s surface than perhaps any other single branch of agriculture and on it depends the success of many other branches of agriculture. Honeybee originally belongs to the old world Europe. The real boost to scientific beekeeping took place with the discovery of moveable frame hive by Langstroth During the next half century i.
Today most of the countries practise beekeeping with the European honeybee Apis mellifera which surpasses the Asian honeybee Apis cerana in almost all the departments.
Broad distinction with exception is between the equipments used for beekeeping. Mainly Langstroth and Dadant hives are used. In European countries one man can look after to colonies. In good areas beekeeping is being adopted even without knowing great deal about the bees themselves and beekeepers are neither much interested in bees nor in beekeepers organisations. All these countries have more than 10 colonies per square mile and their honey yields are amongst the lowest in Europe.
Oriental races and. African races. Its original homeland is Italy exclusive of Sicily and is somewhat smaller than A. The good building instinct of this race has been praised many times. A mellifera carnica Pollmann. Hair is grey. It is the quitest and the most gentle race.
Diseases of brood are virtually unknown. Original homeland is Central Caucasus. In shape and size it resembles carnica. Colour is dark with brown spots on abdomen. Hairs are grey brown. It is also gentle and calm. It raises strong colonies. Produces only weak swarms cold hardy. Besides these important races. Apis mellifera adansoni has also been much talked about these days. It is relatively cold hardy. It is genetically separated from A.
It is resistant to nosema disease. It produces relatively less honey and has great swarming and absconding instinct. Both build only a single comb and nest in the open. Neither of them can be kept in a hive although honey can be obtained from nests of wild bees. The total honey production in the world is 1.
In the foregoing account only the major honey producing countries have been briefly described. It was low as compared to the new world as a whole. Europe consumes more honey than it produces and Western Europe is the world s greatest honey importing region. The honey production in Europe was 2 00 tones. Spain had maximum number of bee colonies 1.
West Germany still Remains the world s biggest importer of honey which produced about 18 00 M. The entire produce is consumed in the country. Its beekeeping is on the pattern of Europe and even the equipment is similar to that used in Europe. The value of bees in fruit and seed production is very well realised and growers and beekeepers work in harmony.
Efforts are a foot to become surplus in honey and wax production. The total honey production in Asia is only to the tune of about 2 50 M. Out of these 70 per cent are Apis mellifera and others are Apis cerana. About 30 to 40 per cent of hive products are exported and rest are retained for domestic consumption. About 90 per cent of honey and all the Royal Jelly is produced from Apis mellifera.
The Institute of Apiculture Sciences of the Chinese Academy is mainly responsible for beekeeping research and extension activities. There are more than 1 00 apiaries in China each having 30 to 80 hives. Beekeeping with Apis cerana is practised in mountain areas. Each A. Beekeeping got a boost in China between to after the introduction of European honey bee. At present China is the world s largest producer and exporter of honey. Honey production in China is mainly a sideline activity engaged in by crop farmers to enhance income but others specialise in honey production.
These producers move from region to region depending upon season and local flowering conditions. About half or more of this quantity is harvested from wild colonies of A. Beekeeping covers 4 00 villages providing part time employment to 2 50 persons.
Indian sericulture Karnataka sericulture Project opportunities List of abbreviations and references Contacts. Silk was extensively traded across the world from ancient times through trade routes known as silk routes. Global production of silk is in excess of , tonnes being produced in more than 20 countries across the world. Sector Profile Sericulture. India is on a continuous growth track in comparison to other countries which have been witnessing a decline in production.
Agriculture and allied activities accounts for about Besides this Agriculture Industry employs a large number of people in the Organized and the Unorganized sector, the data pertaining to the same is however not available. Based on the assumptions of Food Grain Production and Manpower required to handle the total produced, the same is derived at 0. India has about million hectares of arable land of which 55 million is irrigated. With the increase in population the demand for food and Agri produce is increasing, but the supply is constant due to low agricultural productivity. This is predominantly due to improper Farm Management practices and loss in post-harvest handling. There is a requirement for specific set of skills in the field of Agriculture.
After independence India launched a massive programme of rapid industrilization with the belief that the benefits would percolate down to the masses. Contrarily only elites got benefited and rural people continued to be poor resulting into movement of the unemployed to the cities. As 80 percent of the population lives in rural India and depend on agriculture it received more emphasis in the second phase of development. Consequently huge investments were made in agricultural research and extension and India became self sufficient in food production ranking World s fourth largest grain producer. Out of them beekeeping industry received inadequate attention resulting in its stagnation.
This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document. This Regulation applies to the following products originating from agriculture, including aquaculture and beekeeping, as listed in Annex I to the TFEU and to products originating from those products, where such products are, or are intended to be, produced, prepared, labelled, distributed, placed on the market, imported into or exported from the Union:. This Regulation also applies to certain other products closely linked to agriculture listed in Annex I to this Regulation, where they are, or are intended to be, produced, prepared, labelled, distributed, placed on the market, imported into or exported from the Union. This Regulation applies to any operator involved, at any stage of production, preparation and distribution, in activities relating to the products referred to in paragraph 1. Member States may apply national rules or, in the absence thereof, private standards, on the production, labelling and control of products originating from mass catering operations. The organic production logo of the European Union shall not be used in the labelling, the presentation or the advertising of such products, and shall not be used to advertise the mass caterer.
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To keep records is simply to collect relevant information that can help you to take good decisions and to keep track of activities, production and important events on a farm. Records can be about any performance of the animals, economic development, or any activity of the farmer or veterinarian. It is important to keep record keeping simple, and to keep records systematic. If records should be of use for the farmer, than they must be complete none missing , they should be true collected carefully. When record can't be trusted because they are not complete or true, time should not be spent on it at all. The records can:. The real value is to support the farmer and the advisors to keep track and take decisions. Too often, records are only kept for the purpose of official reporting, e. The records should be simple, easy and quick to interpret, and then they can be supplemented with remarks which can explain some unusual events or findings.
Act No. 124 of 2003 relative to food production and food safety (Food Act).
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Никто не загонял на Землю наших предков - одна только слабость их духа. Когда мы сделали это открытие, то нас в Лисе особенно озадачила одна проблема.
Абсолютно спокойные воды озера уже не колебались в том непрекращающемся биении, которое так изумило их в первый. Элвин встал на колени у края воды и всмотрелся в холодную, темную глубину.
У поверхности воды плавали крошечные полупрозрачные колокольчики с почти невидимыми щупальцами. Вытянув руку, Элвин коснулся одного из них - и тут же бросил, сердито вскрикнув.
Ближе к вечеру сквозь кроны деревьев стали время от времени поглядывать вершины гор. Верный проводник юношей -- река текла теперь лениво, словно бы тоже приближалась к концу своего пути. Но стало ясно, что к наступлению ночи гор им не достичь.
И это было не единственное их преимущество. Они еще и демонстрировали необычайно высокую степень координации мышления, что Джизирак относил на счет их телепатических способностей.
Его интересовало, читают ли они мысли советников, но по зрелом размышлении он решил, что вряд ли бы они рискнули нарушить торжественное обещание, без которого эта встреча оказалась бы просто немыслимой.