Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure. Large-scale construction requires collaboration across multiple disciplines. A project manager normally manages the budget on the job, and a construction manager , design engineer , construction engineer or architect supervises it. Those involved with the design and execution must consider zoning requirements, environmental impact of the job, scheduling , budgeting , construction-site safety , availability and transportation of building materials , logistics, inconvenience to the public caused by construction delays and bidding. Large construction projects are sometimes referred to as megaprojects. Construction is a general term meaning the art and science to form objects, systems, or organizations,  and comes from Latin constructio from com- "together" and struere "to pile up" and Old French construction.
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Kit-of-parts construction is a special subset of pre-fabrication that not only attempts to achieve flexibility in assembly and efficiency in manufacture , but also by definition requires a capacity for demountability, disassembly, and reuse. Kit-of-parts structures can be assembled and taken apart in a variety of ways like a construction toy.
Kit-of-parts architecture involves organizing the individual parts and raw material in a building into assemblies of standard easy-to-manufacture components, sized for convenient handling or according to shipping constraints. The construction of the building is carried out on the assembly level as opposed to the raw material level. The architect defines a parts library describing every major assembly in the building.
The assemblies are conceived in a systematic way, based on certain rules such as increment, size, or by shape grammar. Standard, simple connections between the assemblies are carefully defined, so the number of possible shapes and appearance the parts can take is limitless.
Kit-of-parts philosophy goes hand in hand with advanced manufacturing, automation , and computer and information technologies. Handling multiple identical components as instances of a master element is an efficient use of the computer in the planning stage, and use of standard components can take advantage of mass-production and mass-customization manufacturing technologies. Some engineering fields refer to kit-of-parts using the acronym MESR, which stands for the following:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Howe Design Principles for Kinematic Architecture. Howe; I. Ishii; T. Yoshida Kit-of-parts: A review of object-oriented construction techniques. Categories : Prefabricated buildings Manufacturing. Namespaces Article Talk.
The changing manufacturing environment requires more responsive and adaptable manufacturing systems. Leading edge research and best implementation practices and experiences, which address these important issues and challenges, are presented. The proceedings include advances in manufacturing systems design, planning, evaluation, control and evolving paradigms such as mass customization, personalization, changeability, re-configurability and flexibility. New and important concepts such as the dynamic product families and platforms, co-evolution of products and systems, and methods for enhancing manufacturing systems' economic sustainability and prolonging their life to produce more than one product generation are treated.
Structural steel is a category of steel used for making construction materials in a variety of shapes. Many structural steel shapes take the form of an elongated beam having a profile of a specific cross section. Structural steel shapes, sizes, chemical composition , mechanical properties such as strengths, storage practices, etc. Most structural steel shapes, such as I -beams , have high second moments of area , which means they are very stiff in respect to their cross-sectional area and thus can support a high load without excessive sagging. The shapes available are described in many published standards worldwide, and a number of specialist and proprietary cross sections are also available. While many sections are made by hot or cold rolling , others are made by welding together flat or bent plates for example, the largest circular hollow sections are made from flat plate bent into a circle and seam-welded. The terms angle iron , channel iron , and sheet iron have been in common use since before wrought iron was replaced by steel for commercial purposes.
Building projects evolve with binderholz solid timber products and construction solutions, which all standard requirements in terms of structural physics and fire protection. Solid wood buildings retain their value, are stable and meet the most stringent demands on quality, cost-effectiveness and ecological sustainability. In order to guarantee this, all binderholz construction solutions are developed with practicality in mind. They are comprehensively tested and certified. Moreover, they make fast, dry, clean and quiet building possible. Owing to the extensive research, development and certification work on the part of binderholz, solid timber buildings can be technically realized today - within the framework of what's possible under the building law - so they reliably meet all applicable building standards.
Biohybrid robotics takes an engineering approach to the expansion and exploitation of biological behaviours for application to automated tasks. Here, we identify the construction of living buildings and infrastructure as a high-potential application domain for biohybrid robotics, and review technological advances relevant to its future development. Construction, civil infrastructure maintenance and building occupancy in the last decades have comprised a major portion of economic production, energy consumption and carbon emissions. Integrating biological organisms into automated construction tasks and permanent building components therefore has high potential for impact. Live materials can provide several advantages over standard synthetic construction materials, including self-repair of damage, increase rather than degradation of structural performance over time, resilience to corrosive environments, support of biodiversity, and mitigation of urban heat islands. Here, we review relevant technologies, which are currently disparate. They span robotics, self-organizing systems, artificial life, construction automation, structural engineering, architecture, bioengineering, biomaterials, and molecular and cellular biology. In these disciplines, developments relevant to biohybrid construction and living buildings are in the early stages, and typically are not exchanged between disciplines. We, therefore, consider this review useful to the future development of biohybrid engineering for this highly interdisciplinary application. Biohybrid robotic construction, a potentially broad field, couples interrelated engineered systems and biological systems.
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It also contains a multimedia device with the full texts of the lectures presented at the conference, including the 5 keynote lectures, and almost selected contributions. The contributions on creative and scientific aspects in the conception and construction of structures, on advanced technologies and on complex architectural and structural applications represent a fine blend of scientific, technical and practical novelties in both fields. This set of book and multimedia device is intended for a global readership of researchers and practitioners, including architects, structural and construction engineers, builders and building consultants, constructors, material suppliers and product manufacturers, and other professionals involved in the design and realization of architectural, structural and infrastructural projects. Paulo J.
Nexus Network Journal. The two-dimensional unfolding of three-dimensional volumes allows architectural design and production methods to be rethought in a creative way. This paper reviews spatial and material properties of folded compositions in architecture, through a conceptual proposal based on professional and pedagogic experiences as well as new technologies for geometrical programming and digital fabrication, tested in five alternatives for one case study. The continuous and dynamic two-dimensional projection of a three-dimensional spatial situation provides a geometric relationship between the surface and volumetric configuration of a design, thus enabling a mathematical and operative connection between conditions of perception and production. The material expression of these configurations establishes a significant link between the conceptualisation of the design form, its geometric digital generation, its physical fabrication and overall appearance in a manner analogous to the design process used. The combination of folded compositions with the new technologies available further strengthens their potential, which embraces the fluid nature of human activity with continuous forms and delicately intricate geometries. Folded compositions in architecture allow design and production methods to be rethought in a creative way. The designer moves away from the prevalence and, to a certain degree, the historical determinism of graphical architectural thinking based on descriptive geometry, which has for many years enjoyed almost total stylistic control over the objects built. The continuous two-dimensional projection of a three-dimensional spatial situation provides an alternative geometric relationship between the surface and volumetric configuration of a design, thus enabling an operative connection between conditions of perception and production.
Folded Compositions in Architecture: Spatial Properties and Materials
We produce concrete elements for storage and production buildings and also offer full constructive solutions combined with metal structures which are produced by our Group. Concrete elements in most cases are used as plinths and support columns of buildings and also as wall and ceiling panels in office sections of buildings. In addition, concrete is widely used in the construction of power plants and towers of wind turbines. We also offer solutions for the construction of different agricultural structures. Industrial and Agricultural Construction. In most cases, they are used in office sections of industrial buildings and in production buildings as plinths. Sandwich panels: - a non-bearing exterior layer has been hung by stainless steel anchors to the bearing interior layer - the facade surface is formed against a smooth steel mould. More frequently used types of finishing technique of the facade layer are as follows: mould surface, brushed surface, washed concrete surface, rolled surface, coloured concrete surface and impregnated surface - as a rule, the interior surface is finished manually by steel rubbing glossy finish, surface smoothing manually with a trowel or using a paint roller semi-gloss patterned finish done with a paint roller HCS-panels hollow-core panels : HCS-panels, also known as prestressed concrete panels, are used in construction of intermediate floors and roofing. There are oval or round longitudinal voids inside the panels which substantially reduce the weight of panels and thus the pressure on the load bearing structures.
Fabrication is the process used to manufacture steelwork components that will, when assembled and joined, form a complete frame. The frame generally uses readily available standard sections that are purchased from the steelmaker or steel stockholder, together with such items as protective coatings and bolts from other specialist suppliers. Although a wide range of section shapes and sizes are produced, the designer may find that the required section size is not available. In this case, built-up girders may be fabricated from plate. Sections and plate girders may also be strengthened by stiffening the web or flanges depending upon the load to be carried.
This book compares two buildings with different technologies and distinct environment from the combined viewpoints of civil engineering and architecture. The second one is the Burgo Tower in Oporto, by Eduardo Souto Moura and Rui Furtado of AFA, a building that brings a new perspective to the use of prefabrication technologies with local traditional construction systems. With the detailed analyses of recognized researchers in civil engineering and architecture, this book is a reflection upon the problems and solutions in the design and construction process of a prefabricated building system.
What we talk about when we talk about architecture is what Gilles Retsin is actually doing. In the era of coding, robots, VR, AR and AI, the tricky part is that we are still physical beings living in a physical world and we need to accommodate that.
Read More. Design of Building Structures.
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