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- Torrekens Tobacco Belgium
- Tobacco Fermentation / Curing Chamber for Cigars
- Tobacco Fermentation / Curing Chamber for Cigars
- The Process of Tobacco Fermentation
- Tobacco industry pushes for crackdown on home-growers
- What You Can Learn From Tobacco Curing
- Tobacco : Production, Chemistry and Technology
- The Chemistry of Tobacco – Part 2
Torrekens Tobacco Belgium
This little book is intended for the man who uses tobacco. While there is a very extensive literature concerning tobacco, yet it is surprising how few books there are written expressly for the smoker.
Much has been written concerning culture, production and manufacture; the historical and anecdotal aspects have been catered for; pamphlets and books abusing and denouncing the use of tobacco are plentiful; but the smoker will find it difficult to get a book just giving him the facts concerning tobacco and smoking, which he ought to know, and omitting matters, which, although interesting, are not necessary.
This little book is an attempt to fulfil that purpose; and it is felt that no apology is needed for its appearance. If the average user of tobacco is questioned concerning the matters treated in the following pages, he will be found ignorant of them. This ought not be so. The custom of tobacco smoking is so general and so intimate a part of the daily life of the great majority of men, that a better acquaintance with the plant, its qualities, uses and effects, should be cultivated and welcomed.
No claim is made for originality. The facts here stated have been gathered from various [Pg 8] sources and the only credit claimed is for putting them together in a concise and consecutive form.
The object aimed at is to give information. The man who uses tobacco daily should know what he is doing. If statements are made either verbally or in print concerning the custom he should be able to verify them or show that they are incorrect. It is trusted that the information given in these pages will enable him to form a clear judgment whatever the judgment may be. It may be felt that many aspects of the use of tobacco and matters connected with it have either not been touched on, or only referred to very briefly.
The reader who may desire further information will find it in the bibliographical references given throughout the book. These references have generally been consulted by the author and his indebtedness is acknowledged here. The history of tobacco commences with the discovery of the New World by Columbus.
The Chinese claim that it was known and used by them much earlier, but there appears to be no evidence to support this claim. Columbus found the natives of Cuba smoking the dried leaves, and his followers are said to have brought the plant to Spain about Oviedo published a book entitled La Historia general de las Indias in Seville in , in which he mentions pipe smoking.
It may be inferred that this custom was well established in Spain then. Sir Walter Raleigh is usually credited with having brought tobacco to England for the first time from Virginia in ; and the Virginian Colonists are known to have cultivated the plant at that time; but there is evidence enough to show that Sir Francis Drake was the first to introduce the plant into England.
Some give the date of introduction by Drake as Raleigh was, however, probably the first English distinguished smoker, and he cultivated the plant on his estate at Youghal, Ireland. There is no doubt about the culture of tobacco by the early English Colonists in the U. From Virginia it spread to the other colonies. In Peru and other parts of South America the growing of tobacco was well established at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Catherine was pleased with it and is said to have become quite addicted to its use.
Many persons erroneously give credit to Nicot for the introduction of tobacco into Europe. From Spain and [Pg 15] England, the use of tobacco spread by degrees all over the known world. Penn, W. The Soverane Herbe; a history of Tobacco. Chapters I, II. London and New York, Bouant, E. Le Tabac; culture et industrie. Paris, Shew, Joel.
Tobacco; its history, nature and effects on the body and mind. Wortley, Billings, E. Tobacco; its history, varieties, culture, etc. Chapters II, IV. Hartford, Conn. Comes, O. Histoire, geographie, statistique du Tabac. Naples, Fairholt, F. Tobacco; its history and associations. London, Wolf, Jakob. Der Tabak und die Tabakfabrikate. Chapter I. Leipzig, Other well-known members of this family are the Irish potato, the red pepper, the tomato, the egg-plant, etc.
Of this genus there are about 50 separate species, one of which, Nicotiana Tabacum , supplies almost all the tobacco of commerce. Plants of this species grow from 2 feet to 9 feet in height; they have numerous wide-spreading leaves sometimes as much as 3 feet in length; these leaves may be oval, oblong, pointed, or lanceolate in shape, and are generally of a pale green color when young; they are arranged alternately in a spiral on the stem; the root is large and fibrous; the stem is erect, round and viscid, branching near the top.
The alternate arrangement of the leaves on the stalk, succeeding each other spirally, so that the 9th overhangs the 1st, the 10th the 2nd, and so on, is very characteristic. The distance on the stalk between the leaves is about 2 inches. Flowers are in large clusters, with corollas of rose color, or white tinged with pink. The leaves and stalks are covered with soft downy hair. The plant is perennial but crops are usually raised from seed. Of this species N.
Tabacum there are probably more than varieties grown in the U. Some of the best known will be described later. Tabacum Havana, East Indian and European tobaccos principally belong.
The other important species are:. Nicotiana Persica. Grown in Persia. This has a white flower and the leaves almost enwrap the stem. It is used almost exclusively as a pipe-smoking tobacco. Some claim that this is only a variant of N. Nicotiana Repanda. This is a species of Cuban tobacco entirely different from that grown in the Havana district.
It is also called Yara. Nicotiana Rustica. A kind of wild growing tobacco principally cultivated in Mexico, and which is claimed as the parent of some of the Turkish, Syrian and Latakia tobaccos although many authorities claim that these tobaccos belong to the species N. The European tobacco is hardier than the American parent plant.
The leaves are smaller. Also includes common Hungarian and Turkish tobaccos. There are large and small leaved varieties. Grown in Syria and largely in Central Asia. Used as a cigarette tobacco in the Orient. It has been stated above that there are many varieties of N. Tabacum in the U. Of these the most important are known to botanists [Pg 18] by the names, Nicotiana Tabacum Macrophylla and Nicotiana Tabacum Angustifolia. Maryland tobacco belongs to the Macrophylla variety and there are many other types differing from each other according to shape of the leaf, size of the stalk, etc.
Virginian tobacco is of the Angustifolia variety, and of this also there are many different types. Most European and other grown tobaccos have been raised from original plants of the Maryland and Virginian varieties. It should be remembered that there is no essential difference in cigar, pipe smoking or cigarette tobaccos.
The differences are physical only. All kinds may be obtained from the same species or even the same variety of the species by suitable culture and crossing. Anastasia, G. Scafati, Killebrew, J. Tobacco leaf; its culture and cure, marketing and manufacture. Part I. New York, Lock, C.
After being harvested and cured, tobacco is not fully stabilized and can not be kept long at this stage. It must be fermented. Fermentation is a complex process but in simple terms one can say that it is a transformation of the chemical components by oxydation. Mainly because fermentation makes the tobacco lose its raw and green taste that nobody would really like.
Tobacco Fermentation / Curing Chamber for Cigars
The tobacco industry wants the government to crack down on what it says is a burgeoning black market in homegrown tobacco. The tax on cigarettes over the next four years leading to a 50 percent price hike will spark an explosion in the illicit tobacco trade unless action is taken now, the industry says. Photo: rf. British American Tobacco said it has evidence of a thriving black market in homegrown tobacco, including footage of plantations being grown near Motueka. Its spokesperson Saul Derber said processed homegrown tobacco finds a ready market among those wanting to buy tobacco 40 to 70 percent cheaper than legal tobacco. The law allow people to grow tobacco for personal use and individuals can process 15kg a year, equivalent to 90 cigarettes a day. Darren Chubb with his homegrown tobacco plants.
Tobacco Fermentation / Curing Chamber for Cigars
Alkaloids pp Cite as. Pyridine alkaloids in tobacco Nicotiana tabacum L. Nicotine is the most abundant alkaloid and may provide a pleasurable alerting effect associated with tobacco uses. The neurobiology of nicotine has been reviewed by Ashton et al. Health risks of tobacco alkaloids have also been summarized Davis Nitrosated alkaloids may be carcinogenic Hoffmann et al.
Footnotes are limited to a single quoted passage, and have been relocated to follow that passage, and are linked for ease of reference. Minor errors, attributable to the printer, have been corrected. Any corrections are indicated using an underline highlight. Placing the cursor over the correction will produce the original text in a small popup. Any corrections are indicated as hyperlinks, which will navigate the reader to the corresponding entry in the corrections table in the note at the end of the text. The attention recently drawn to the subject has resulted in many inquiries for information useful to the planter desirous of starting a tobacco estate. But beyond scattered articles in newspapers and the proceedings of agricultural societies, there has been no practical literature available for the English reader. It is a little remarkable that while our neighbours have been writing extensively about tobacco growing, of late years, no English book devoted exclusively to this subject has been published for nearly thirty years. A glance at the bibliography given at the end of this volume will show that the French, German, Swiss, Italian, Dutch, Sicilian, and even Scandinavian planter has a reliable handbook to guide him in this important branch of agriculture, while British settlers in our numerous tobacco-growing colonies must glean their information as best they may from periodical literature.
The Process of Tobacco Fermentation
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Includes list of members, and proceedings of the annual meetings and various supplements. Alcohols Reaction for Polyatomic. Kerner and Weller Detection of Cinchoninc Typke P G W Hypophosphites Russian Chemical Trade Chastaing P and Rabillot E Morphineblue Holderer Fermentation Soger Determination of High Temperatures
Tobacco industry pushes for crackdown on home-growers
It is necessary to cure tobacco after harvesting and before it can be consumed. Curing tobacco has always been a process necessary to prepare the leaf for consumption because, in its raw, freshly picked state, the green tobacco leaf is too wet to ignite and be smoked. In recent times, traditional curing barns in the United States are falling into disuse, as the trend toward using prefabricated metal curing boxes has become more and more prevalent. Temporary curing boxes are often found on location at tobacco farms. Curing and subsequent aging allow for the slow oxidation and degradation of carotenoids in the tobacco leaf.
What You Can Learn From Tobacco Curing
Tobacco is an age old, yet amazing plant, which has become increasingly popular among hobbyist in recent times! Perhaps it is a distraction from daily stresses and allows an escape to simpler times. For some, growing tobacco is an absolute obsession Tobacco starts from shockingly tiny seeds and grows a million fold into a foot monster in just about 5 months. You too can join the ranks of tobacco plant enthusiasts and with some luck and planning, your efforts may be rewarded with a homegrown cigar!
Tobacco : Production, Chemistry and Technology
Tobacco is an age old, yet amazing plant, which has become increasingly popular among hobbyist in recent times! Perhaps it is a distraction from daily stresses and allows an escape to simpler times. For some, growing tobacco is an absolute obsession
The Chemistry of Tobacco – Part 2
Cannabis used to be so colorful: Acapulco Gold, brown Colombian, bright green Oaxaca big bud and, our personal favorite, redder-than-red Thai stick. The colors were the result of a variety of drying techniques that often involved drying the product under the sun, whose energy enacted chemical changes in the plant material, changing its color. This change is not something we see much of today because everyone cures in the dark to purposely avoid color change. If they can, there must be some chemical reactions going on.
Mankind consumes a great deal of tobacco, most commonly in the form of cigarettes. That alone is sufficient reason for us to consider this particular natural product more closely.
One of the most distinct characteristics of tobacco is that it is an extremely robust plant, able to grow in various climates and soils: it can be cultivated on marginal lands which are not very good for food production. Air-cured tobaccos are a group of tobacco types and sub-types that are typically cured in ventilated barns under natural atmospheric conditions with little to no supplemental heat added - only air.