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Storage product equivalents, Enhancers and Substitutes for Cocoa Butter

Storage product equivalents, Enhancers and Substitutes for Cocoa Butter

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Explore edible cocoa butters for baking

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Cocoa Butter vs. Shea Butter vs, Coconut Oil: How are they different?

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In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Help us improve our products. Sign up to take part. A Nature Research Journal. Cocoa butter is the pure butter extracted from cocoa beans and is a major ingredient in the chocolate industry. Global production of cocoa is in decline due to crop failure, diseases and ageing plantations, leading to price fluctuations and the necessity for the industry to find high quality cocoa butter alternatives.

This study explored the potential of a wild mango Mangifera sylvatica , an underutilised fruit in south-east Asia, as a new Cocoa Butter Alternative CBA. Analyses showed that wild mango butter has a light coloured fat with a similar fatty acid profile palmitic, stearic and oleic acid and triglyceride profile POP, SOS and POS to cocoa butter.

Thermal and physical properties are also similar to cocoa butter. It is concluded that these attractive properties of wild mango could be prompted by a coalition of policy makers, foresters, food industries and horticulturists to promote more widespread cultivation of this wild fruit species to realise the market opportunity. Cocoa butter CB is a light yellow fat obtained from beans of the cocoa plant Theobroma cacao L.

It is one of the unique natural fats highly demanded by food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries 1 , 2. Cocoa butter is the major ingredient of the chocolate industry 3.

This is the only commercially available natural fat which is rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, Moreover, the price of cocoa butter is one of the highest among all tropical fats and oils 5 , 7 , 8. According to ICCO 9 , annual global cocoa production was reported to be more than 4 million tonnes per season.

Very few tropical fats are considered to beCBAs but include those sourced from illipe butter, kokum butter, shea butter and mango Mangifera indica L. Cocoa butter from the domesticated mango species, M. These are relatively simple triglyceride combinations which are desirable for confectionery applications, especially in chocolate processing. Wild mango Mangifera sylvatica Roxb. It is one of the genetically closest species to M. Perhaps counterintuitively given its underutilisation, the species is already threatened in Bangladesh 17 due to habitat loss and deforestation, but is not afforded any conservation protection due to its lack of documented value.

The seed germination rate and early growth of seedlings indicates that this species could be easily domesticated and incorporated into small-scale forestry programs There is growing evidence of beneficial medicinal properties, such as a recent study showing that M.

The leaves can also be used as antidiarrheal drugs Until now, no research has been conducted on its market potential which will ultimately promote domestication and commercialisation of the species. Therefore, the present study constitutes an assessment of the potential of M. In this study, the fatty acid and triglyceride composition and the physiochemical and thermal properties of M.

Wild mango butter WMB is a light yellow fat that is not greasy to touch and has a characteristic nutty flavour. WMB is a rich source of saturated fatty acids Fig.

The saturated fatty acid content of M. Apart from that, M. Triglycerides are complex mixtures of a variety of fatty acids, which are the major constituents in fats and oils. This similarity in fatty acid and triglyceride profiles indicates considerable potential for WMB to be used as a source of cocoa butter alternative.

Physical properties of butter samples a saponification value b glycerol c free fatty acid d iodine value e moisture content; f refractive index; g specific gravity h major triglyceride percentage.

The saponification value, glycerol percentage, iodine value, free fatty acid percentage, moisture content, specific gravity and refractive index were determined for the wild mango butters as important parameters of butter quality. WMB contains bigger carbon chain molecules so it has fewer glycerol molecules as indicated by glycerol percentage Fig.

An elevated iodine value and acid value indicates high susceptibility of fat to oxidative rancidity due to the high degree of unsaturation. Moisture content and free fatty acid content in WMB was high compared to other butter samples Fig. These results suggest that proper and controlled processing can produce high quality butter with decreased degradation. WMB is characterised by one leading peak around The results from M.

The majority of studies report palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid to be the major fatty acid components of CB Minor components of lauric acid C , myristic acid C , linolenic C and arachidic acid C have also been reported Therefore, it is evident that the fatty acid and triglyceride composition of WMB is close to that of CB derived from Theobroma cacao , indicating good prospects for WMB to be a source of cocoa butter alternative.

Key parameters in conferring high fat quality, distinctive flavour and aroma in butters are the saponification and acid values. Such long chain fatty acids saturated and unsaturated are prone to oxidation and breakdown which provides characteristic flavours and aromas High acid values indicate breakdown of triglycerides into free fatty acids FFA relating to inadequate processing and storage conditions.

Cocoa butter is reported to have acid values in the range of 0. The acid value of fat extracted from DMB varies from 1. Our analyses showed that WMB has a significantly higher acid value compared to CB which suggests there might be processing or storage problems. With respect to iodine values, the higher the value the more reactive, less stable, softer the fat and hence more susceptible to oxidation and rancidification 7.

This study, again suggesting that adequate storage will be essential if it is to be used more widely. The moisture content of WMB is higher than CB which may render more susceptible to microbial attack and oxidation. However, the moisture content is easily managed during the extraction process. On the positive side, there is a growing body of evidence that higher moisture content butters produce more low fat chocolate which may help to prevent obesity, heart diseases, diabetics, stroke and arthritis Indeed, there is on-going research to produce low fat chocolate by adding water into the CB Manipulation of the extraction process to best manage moisture levels will eliminate the need to add water to the final product.

It has been suggested that the physicochemical characteristics of WMB can be manipulated through controlled processing, chemical or physical refining and natural blending processes to adjust the properties of WMB to CB 14 , The melting point is important to determine the storage temperature. The melting temperature of CB is slightly higher than WMB which could be due to of the higher saturated fatty acid content Fig.

Similar results have been reported for CB by many researchers 2 , 14 , 26 , 27 , So, there were some significant similarities in the physical and thermal properties of WMB compared to CB which again shows the potential of WMB to be used as a cocoa butter alternative.

Collection, processing and preparation of wild mango butter from M. Chocolate commands an enviable position among food products due to its premium cost, taste and unique physicochemical properties Demand is increasing and supply is inadequate as cocoa is cultivated in only a few tropical countries, making its availability unstable, expensive and subject to price fluctuations 20 , Supplementary Fig.

Moreover, poor quality harvests and some technological problems such as fat blooms and high tempering times during chocolate production make it necessary for the food industries to look for alternatives to CB and intensive efforts are ongoing to find suitable cocoa butter alternatives Cocoa butter alternatives are divided into three subgroups Supplementary Fig. Cocoa butter replacers CBRs are non-lauric fats with a fatty acid profile similar to cocoa butter, but a completely different triglyceride composition e.

Cocoa butter equivalents CBEs are non-lauric plant fats, which are relatively similar in their physical and chemical properties e. Chocolate and confectionery industries give priority to fats which are rich in palmitic acid or stearic acid and are based on symmetric POP-rich and SOS-rich fats.

Some research has shown that SOS rich fat confers a higher solid fat content which inhibits fat blooms and decreases the tempering time Therefore, SOS-rich fat could be used as a suitable raw material for the production of temperature-resistant hard butters in tropical countries 2 and could also be used to improve the quality of soft cocoa butter 2.

Generally, lauric acid and hydrogenated fats are used to replace CB; these increase the levels of cholesterol whereas CBEs contain high oleic and stearic acids, which do not alter the levels of cholesterol in blood. Palm kernel oil consists of higher amounts of lauric acid and relatively lower stearic and oleic acid than cocoa butter. The producing of CBA from palm oil needs intensive processing 8. Sal butter is green in colour which limits its use in chocolate and confectionery products It is feasible to lighten butters but it is a very energy intensive procedure and costly, so industries prefer light coloured butters Kokum butter is grey coloured and mainly used as a CBE by blending with Mahua Madhuca longifolia and Phulwara Madhuca butyracea butter However, the extraction is only practiced at cottage scale and has no industrial application as yet 32 , There is therefore not enough reliable source of CBE available from natural fat sources Our study suggests that WMB is a potential high quality new CBE or improver as the fatty acid and triglyceride composition are very similar to CB as are the physical parameters.

However, going beyond an industrial utility, wild fruit is an important source of food, medicine and income for forest dwellers, tribal and marginalized rural people There are many wild fruits available in the forests that are underexploited.

Moreover, information on their nutritional value and economic potential are unknown. Adding value to underutilized products through processing for products that have market value could generate a way to conserve those species and help to generate alternative income sources and reduce household poverty Additionally, collection and processing of these products can reduce household vulnerability to shocks and seasonal variations in other income sources For example, shea kernels from Vitellaria paradoxa are widely exported for use in the international cosmetic and chocolate industries.

In Bangladesh, there are 47 edible wild forest fruits available 41 , an important one of which is the wild mango species M. Wild mango is a multipurpose tree species used for multiple purposes, including edible fruits, pickles, fodder, fuelwood, vegetable, plywood, tea chest and match boxes 41 , A close genetic relationship between M. However, this research confirms that this underutilized wild mango has the potential to be used as a unique source of cocoa butter alternative.

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with 2. Millions of the poor and forest dwellers earn their livelihood from the forest Therefore, there is a socio-economic imperative to allow access for these forest dependent people to the natural resource.

However, finding alternative income generating activities can secure income, improve livelihoods and conserve forest resources sustainably There is enormous potential for the development of a wild mango kernel based enterprise in Bangladesh as well as in other tropical countries for the production of wild mango butter.

The Aztecs drank xocoatl, a bitter concoction made from cocoa beans, which they also used as a form of payment. Spanish explorers who encountered the Native Americans drinking the beverage in the early 16th century took the concept back with them to Europe, and soon after a variation of the cocoa drink was all the rage across parts of Europe.

Mango kernel oil MKO has lower free fatty acids, carotenoid content and peroxide value, and is usually used without any processing, which is otherwise mandatory for commercial vegetable oils. Palmitic, stearic and oleic acids are the major fatty acids, triglyceride composition and fatty acid profile suggest wide range of trans free options. MKO can be used as an alternative of cocoa butter, which is used in chocolates and confectionaries. Total phenolic contents and induction period of MKO is greater than many commercial vegetable oils; thus, it can be used as an alternative of synthetic antioxidants for the preservation of fats and oils.

AAK launches Cobao Pure to combat chocolate bloom

This underpins their strength in raw material management and provides intimate insights into the edible oil market. Manufactured from natural vegetable-based oils and fats. This series of products can also reduce the stickiness in chewing gums and improve texture and structure of extruded products. Functions as an excellent starch complexing agent with good dispersibility properties and aerating agent. Manufactured from natural vegetable-based oils and fats with a co- emulsifier to enhance emulsification properties.

‘Hot’ Chocolate Ingredients

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Butter is a key ingredient in many baking recipes , as well as a tried and true flavor that we all know and love. We eat butter on our rice, veggies, and mashed potatoes, as well as on bread, muffins, cakes, and scones. We bake with it, we cook with it, we drink bulletproof coffee with it.

Great for baking, adding to smoothie, etc Open the package and the scent of the cacao butter will make your day.

Frank D. Gunstone , John L. Harwood , Albert J. Extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded, the third edition of the industry standard, The Lipid Handbook reflects many of the changes in lipid science and technology that have occurred in the last decade. All chapters have been rewritten, many by new authors, to match the updated thinking and practice of modern lipid science and bring a fresh perspective to twenty years of tradition. New contributions highlight the latest technologies utilized in today's lipid science such as chromatographic analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An entirely new chapter is devoted to non-food uses such as lipids as surfactants, cosmetics, and biofuels. Expanded sections illustrate a growing emphasis on lipid metabolism and the nutritional, medical, and agricultural aspects including human dietary requirements and disorders of lipid metabolism. The dictionary section is vastly expanded to cover chemical structure, physical properties, and references to thousands of lipid and lipid related molecules.

What Is a Good Substitute for Butter?

Cobao Pure is a new cocoa butter from AAK that delivers improved bloom-retarding effects in all kinds of applications including milk and dark chocolate tablets, coated and filled products, and dark chocolate with nuts. Milk fat is commonly-used as a bloom retarder but presents a number of challenges that Cobao Pure helps to solve. Unlike milk fat, for example, Cobao Pure will not change the sensory qualities of the end product or cause excessive softening. This means it is especially suitable for dark chocolate applications.

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There is no need to spend hundreds of dollars on expensive face and body lotions when you can get the same benefits from nature. Below are a list of natural alternatives to keep your skin looking healthy and feeling smooth. This is a very popular alternative that is very well-known, cheap and can be found at your local grocery store. Coconut oil contains antioxidants and vitamins that help your skin stay moisturized. Many people worry about feeling sticky after applying it, but coconut oil absorbs rapidly into your skin and it leaves it feeling moisturized and smooth. Coconut Oil contains fatty acids that help reduce signs of aging, keeps dry skin moisturized, and can also help with other skin problems such as stretch marks, scars, cellulite, or even diaper rash. There are many uses of olive oil in the kitchen, but did you also know you can use it as a beauty product? Olive oil contains vitamin E, which serves as a moisturizer for the skin. It also promotes collagen production, which helps reduce the appearance of scars while keeping your skin looking young.

non cocoa butter equivalents into chocolate products. Also some recovery in The primary export market for the West African Shea butter is as a substitute for cocoa butter in tended to buy nuts from traders and store them at the processing factories. Shea oil is generally used as a flavour enhancer, not as a cooking oil.

What Can You Replace Butter With?

The present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of a chocolate product involving the use of hydrated salt, hydrated sugar or hydrated sugar alcohol in the underlying chocolate mass and comprising the steps of refining, conching and optionally tempering of the chocolate mass. The invention further relates to a chocolate product comprising a chocolate mass comprising certain weight proportions of hydratable salt, hydratable sugar or hydratable sugar alcohol, as obtainable by the process of the invention. FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a process for the manufacture of a chocolate product involving the use of a certain weight proportion of hydrated salt, hydrated sugar or hydrated sugar alcohol in the underlying chocolate mass and comprising the steps of refining, conching and optionally tempering of the chocolate mass. The invention is further directed to a chocolate product comprising certain weight proportions of hydratable salt, hydratable sugar or hydratable sugar alcohol, as obtainable by the process of the invention. The invention is particularly useful for the manufacture and provision of a heat-resistant chocolate product. Heat-resistant chocolate products may be represented by solid chocolate tablets or bars as well as compounded or enrobed products such as chocolate-coated wafers, chocolate-containing biscuits or the like. Various processes have been published which are said to provide heat-resistant chocolate products.

Tone Bath Bar Soap, Cocoa Butter, 4.25 Ounce Bars, 6 Count

These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric. Find more information on the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated. During this period, the polymorphism of the solid state was monitored using differential scanning calorimetry and powder X-ray diffraction. Moreover, the microstructure of the materials was imaged using polarized light microscopy. Microstructure was quantified using a box-counting fractal dimension.

US20150024109A1 - Chocolate Product And Process For Producing The Same - Google Patents

Augustus Oils Ltd. Charkit Chemical Corporation. Penta International Corporation.

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. When it comes to food recipes, one of the most used ingredients is butter. Whether cooking, baking, or just simply as an added topping to your meal, butter has traditionally served as a food enhancer for thousands of years.

История Вселенной, видимо, вся состояла из подобных оборванных нитей, и кто мог сказать, какие из них были важны, а какие не имели существенного значения. Эта фантастическая повесть об Учителе и Великих была похожа на другие легенды, в бесчисленном количестве уцелевшие от цивилизаций Рассвета. Но само существование гигантского полипа и безмолвно наблюдающего робота заставило Элвина признать, что это повествование - не самообман, опирающийся на безумие.

Ветры и дожди перемололи в пыль последние горы, а новых слишком усталый мир уже не мог породить. Но городу было все равно.

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